Room 2 - The state formation and struggles for independence

Where to origin special cultures ... Formation phase of Vietnamese culture foundation

After the end of the Holocene phase, the ancient inhabitants of Vietnam stepped into the period of expanding their living areas to develop their economy and culture. Along with this process, it is their working and creativity, from primitive stone tools to the invention of metallurgical engineering and plow- rice farming with the pull power of bovine animals; the material and spiritual life had been improved. This led to a series of economic and social changes to form early civilizations and states.

At the end of the bronze age - the end of the iron age (the VIII century BC - the II century), our country has in turn appeared three cultures with the early states: Van Lang - Au Lac on the basis of Dong Son culture in the North, Champa Kingdom on the basis of Sa Huynh culture in the Central and Phu Nam Kingdom on the basis of Dong Nai culture - Oc Eo in the South. The birth of these countries opened up a new era - the first era of building and preserving the nation.

At the same time, these three cultural areas also had a long and close relationship with each other, creating a unique cultural tradition in Vietnam: unification in diversity. This is also the period of building the agricultural civilization, building the lifestyle and traditional character of a unified Vietnam later.

We are what we are, after a thousand years…

After the defeat of An Duong Vuong in the resistance against Zhao Tuo (179 BC), Vietnam was invaded and dominated consecutively by the Northern feudal dynasties. During the over-1000-years period of Northern (Chinese) domination, the country experienced a long historical path with harsh events, which has proved the resilience of the people against many territorial invasions. This period also is an evidence for the intense vitality of the indigenous culture against the assimilation effort of the foreign enemies.

Throughout that period raised continuous rebellions of Vietnamese people, fighting against the oppression and exploitation of the Northern Feudalism for the independence of the country. The people also struggled for the reservation of the local culture, as well as for receiving the extrinsic one, so that the national cultural background could keep growing.

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